Bixa orellana (Annatto)
Bixin is an orange-red condiment and food colouring derived from the seeds of the Bixa orellana (Annatto) tree.
It is mainly used to impart a yellow or orange color to processed food products such as cheeses, dairy spreads, butter and margarine, custards, cakes and other baked goods, potatoes, snack foods, breakfast cereals, smoked fish and sausages among others.
Annatto is of particular commercial value in the United States because the Food and Drug Administration considers colorants derived from it to be “exempt of certification”
People take annatto for diabetes, diarrhea, fevers, fluid retention, heartburn, malaria, and hepatitis. They also use it as an antioxidant and bowel cleanser. Annatto is sometimes put directly on the affected area to treat burns and
vaginal infections and to repel insects. In foods, annatto is used as a coloring agent.